Why are these four months called the sacred months?
1. For their great virtue.
2. Because the sin committed in them are considered to be greater.
3. The great value given to righteous good actions in them.
The Month of Rajab
From the virtues of this month, it has seventeen names. The most famous of them:
1. Rajab, the month of Allah
2. Rajab (Mudar)
3. Al Mu’tahir (the cleanser)
4. Al Mu’ali (the elevator)
The great saint Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani states, “ Rajab is three letters, Ra, Jeem and Ba. The Ra is Rah’matullah (the mercy of Allah.) Jeem is Ju’duAllah (the generosity of Allah.) Ba is Bir’uAllah (kindess of Allah.)
Therefore there are three gifts from Allah to his servants who are adherent in this month. Which are:
1. Mercy without punishment
2. Generosity without greed
3. Kindness without alienation
What are the Rulings for Prayer, Fasting, Umrah and Dua in this month?
There is nothing reported as authentic from the Prophet ﷺ as regarded as a special prayer in this month. However the more you pray in this month (optional prayers) the greater the reward.
There is nothing authentic reported of a specific fast in Rajab. However there is an indication of the importance of fasting in the four sacred months.
It is reported that performing Umrah in the month of Rajab was carried out by some of the greatest companions such as Umar ibn al Khattab, Uthman Ibn Afaan and Ali Ibn Abi Talib. As a result many of those who followed them have carried out this tradition realising the reward for the Umrah in this month will be greater. It has also been confirmed that Ibn Sirin reported that the righteous ancestors use to do their hajj, then they do their Umrah in the month of Rajab. To increase and maximise their reward.
Anas (r.a) reported that the messenger ﷺ use to make this dua at the beginning of Rajab, “Oh Allah, bless Rajab for us and Shaaban and allow us to live during Ramadan.” (Imam Ahmad)
It is also reported that Ali Ibn Abi Talib use to maximise his worship, in four specific nights of the year, which are:
1. The first night of Rajab
2. The night of Eid ul-Fitr
3. The night of Eid Al-adhaar
4. The night of Mid- Shaaban
What the Scholars have said about the Month of Rajab